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Cornish Gilliflower

Cornish Gillyflower originates from the county of Cornwall, the south-west peninsula of the United Kingdom. It was discovered in the early 19th century and fairly quickly established itself as one of the highest quality apples available in Victorian England.

In the words of Victorian pomologist Robert Hogg it is "remarkable for its rich and aromatic flavor".

Cornish Gilliflower apple trees for sale

  • 11-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    M116 rootstock
    Large size (3m-4m after 10 years)
  • 21-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    MM106 rootstock
    Large size (3m-4m after 10 years)
  • 31-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    M25 rootstock
    Full size size (4.5m-6m after 10 years)
Next deliveries

Deliveries resume December 2020


How to grow

The county of Cornwall experiences mild winters and summers which are warm but not necessarily hot. Cornish Gillyflower has some natural resistance to scab, a disease which likes these conditions. It is a moderately vigorous tree, fairly easy to grow although not especially heavy-cropping.

It is slightly unusual in being a tip-bearer - the apples are borne on the ends of the previous year's shoots.

History

Discovered by Sir Christopher Hawkins near the town of Truro, Cornwall, England and introduced in 1813. The word "gillyflower" or "gilliflower" or "July flower" are corruptions of the French word "girofle" meaning cloves - a reference to the clove-like scent of the blossom of this apple variety.

Cornish Gilliflower characteristics

  • Picking seasonVery late
  • CroppingGood
  • Keeping3 months or more
  • Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
  • Useful forEating fresh
  • Gardening skillAverage
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Flowering group4
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • PloidyDiploid
  • VigourAverage vigour
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Fruit bearingPartial tip-bearer
  • Disease resistanceGood
  • Climate typeTemperate climates
  • Summer average maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Country of originUnited Kingdom
  • Period of origin1800 - 1849
  • Flower colourPink - light
  • Fruit colourGreen