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Blenheim Orange

Blenheim Orange
  • Picking season: Late
  • Country of origin: United Kingdom
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Flowering group: 3

Blenheim Orange is a popular large English heritage apple variety, widely grown in gardens. It has the characteristic orange flush which is often associated with English apples. Although it can be eaten fresh, it is best considered a culinary apple, and it cooks to a stiff puree.

Blenheim Orange makes a good feature tree in a larger garden.

Malus domestica

Blenheim Orange apple trees for sale

  • 11-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    M26 rootstock
    Medium size (2.5m-3m after 10 years)
    Out of stock
  • 21-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    MM106 rootstock
    Large size (3m-4m after 10 years)
    Out of stock
  • 31-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    M25 rootstock
    Full size size (4.5m-6m after 10 years)


How to grow

Blenheim Orange produces a large vigorous tree with unusually dense wood. It is a triploid variety so it needs two separate pollinating apple trees nearby (or a single self-fertile variety).

This is long-lived variety which takes a while to get into its stride. Victorian author Hogg, writing at the end of the 19th century noted that Blenheim Orange noted, "... when it becomes a little aged, it bears regular and abundant crops".



History

Blenheim Orange is believed to date back to early 18th century. It was discovered at Woodstock in Oxfordshire, and named after the nearby Blenheim Palace. The parentage is unknown.



Blenheim Orange characteristics

  • Using

    • Picking period (southern UK):early October
    • Picking season:Late
    • Cropping:Good
    • Keeping (of fruit):1-2 months
    • Food uses:Eating fresh, Culinary, Dual purpose (eat + cook)
  • Growing

    • Gardening skill:Some needed
    • Self-fertility:Not self-fertile
    • Flowering group:3
    • Pollinating others:Poor
    • Ploidy:Triploid
    • Vigour:Very vigorous
    • Precocity:Slow to start bearing
    • Bearing regularity:Biennial tendency
    • Fruit bearing:Partial tip-bearer
  • Problems

    • Disease resistance:Average
    • Mildew:Some resistance
    • Scab:Very resistant
  • Climate

    • Climate suitability:Temperate climates
    • Cold hardiness (USDA):(5) -20F / -29C
    • Summer average maximum temperatures:Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F), Cold (< 20C / 67F)
    • Frost resistance of blossom:Susceptible
  • Identification

    • Country of origin:United Kingdom
    • Period of origin:1700 - 1749
    • Fruit colour:Orange flush
    • Awards:RHS Award of Garden Merit