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Ashmead's Kernel

Ashmead's Kernel
  • Picking season: Late
  • Country of origin: United Kingdom
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Flowering group: 4

Ashmeads Kernel is a very old traditional English russet apple. It remains popular for its distinctive pear-like flavor which is quite different from most other apple varieties.

Although often considered as a connoisseur's dessert apple, Ashmead's Kernel is actually quite versatile. It can be used for cooking, or sliced in savoury salads, and it keeps very well in a cold store.

Ashmead's Kernel is also becoming increasingly recognised for its juice, which adds an interesting fruity component to cider and hard cider blends.

Malus domestica

Ashmead's Kernel apple trees for sale

  • 1.1-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    MM106 rootstock
    Large size (3m-4m after 10 years)
    Out of stock
  • 2.1-year maiden bare-root tree 24.45
    M25 rootstock
    Large size (3m-4m after 10 years)


How to grow

Ashmead's Kernel is quite easy to grow, and perhaps because it is such an ancient variety, it is relatively disease resistant. It can be a light cropper and this usually caused by poor pollination at blossom time - planting another late-flowering apple tree or crab-apple tree nearby is a good idea.

Ashmead's Kernel has good winter hardiness on the right rootstock. It is one of the best-adapted of the major English apple varieties to US climate zones, including the warmer zones.



History

Originated in England in the 1700s, probably in Gloucestershire.



Ashmead's Kernel characteristics

  • Using

    • Picking period (southern UK):mid-October
    • Picking season:Late
    • Cropping:Light
    • Keeping (of fruit):3 months or more
    • Food uses:Eating fresh, Juice
  • Growing

    • Gardening skill:Average
    • Self-fertility:Not self-fertile
    • Flowering group:4
    • Pollinating others:Poor
    • Ploidy:Triploid
    • Vigour:Average vigour
    • Bearing regularity:Regular
    • Fruit bearing:Spur-bearer
  • Problems

    • Disease resistance:Good
    • Mildew:Some resistance
    • Scab:Some resistance
  • Climate

    • Climate suitability:Temperate climates, Mild damp climates
    • Cold hardiness (USDA):(4) -30F / -34C, (5) -20F / -29C, (6) -10F / -23C, (7) 0F / -18C, (8) 10F / -12C, (9) 20F / -7C, (10) 30F / -1C
    • Summer average maximum temperatures:Cool ( 20C - 24C / 68F - 75F), Warm (25C - 30C / 76F - 85F)
  • Identification

    • Country of origin:United Kingdom
    • Period of origin:1700 - 1749
    • Fruit colour:Russet
    • Awards:RHS Award of Garden Merit