Top 10 English and Scottish cooking apples


Gardening skill

?
Suitable for beginners9
Average12
Some needed2

Fruit tree categories

Apple trees23
Apricot trees1
Cherry trees1
Cider apple trees1
Crab apple trees1
Damson trees5
Medlar trees1
Pear trees1
Plum trees11
Quince trees1

Stock availabilitytop


Height after 10 years


Small (dwarf)1
Medium (semi-dwarf)7
Large (semi-vigorous)19
Full-size (standard)6

Rootstock


M1161
M256
M267
M91
MM10619

Usingtop


Picking season

?
Very early
Early5
Mid7
Late11
Very late

Keeping

?
Does not keep
1-3 days
1 week3
2-3 weeks5
1-2 months9
3 months or more6

Uses


Good for eating fresh6
Good for cooking23
Good for juice12
Good for cider4

Cooking result


Puree11
Textured puree2
Keeps shape4

Growingtop


Planting position


Full sun essential
Full sun preferred11
Tolerates partial shade10
Tolerates north-facing shade2

Flowering group

?
1
25
312
45
51
6

Self-fertility

?
Self-fertile2
Partially self-fertile7
Not self-fertile14

Ploidy

?
Diploid18
Triploid5

Pollinating others

?
Good4
Average12
Poor6

Vigour

?
Weak growing1
Slightly small1
Average growth12
Slightly large2
Large5
Very large2

Precocity

?
Precocious4
Slow to start bearing1

Cropping


Heavy8
Good13
Light1

Fruit bearing

?
Spur-bearer15
Free-spurring2
Partial tip-bearer6
Tip-bearer

Fruit persistence

?
Normal ripening16
Fruit drops when ripe2
Ripens over a period
Persistent

Bearing regularity

?
Regular19
Biennial tendency4

Climatetop


Blossom frost-resistance

?
Good resistance3
Some resistance2
Susceptible7

Can be grown in


Temperate climates22
Mild / damp climates13
Warm climates2

Disease resistancetop


General resistance

?
Good13
Average7
Poor1

Suitable for organic

?
Organic / no-spray culture9

Canker

?
Very resistant1
Some resistance4
Neutral
Some susceptibility1
Very susceptible1

Scab

?
Very resistant7
Some resistance4
Neutral
Some susceptibility1
Very susceptible1

Mildew

?
Very resistant
Some resistance5
Neutral
Some susceptibility2
Very susceptible

Silverleaf

?
Very resistant
Some resistance
Neutral
Some susceptibility
Very susceptible

Fruit identificationtop


Country of origin


France 1
Germany 1
Sweden 1
United Kingdom23
United States2

Period of origin


1500 - 1549
1550 - 1599
1600 - 16491
1650 - 1699
1700 - 17492
1750 - 1799
1800 - 18495
1850 - 18999
1900 - 19494
1950 - 19992
2000

Fruit colour


Green6
Green - light2
Green / Red5
Orange / Red2
Orange flush7
Red / Green1

top

The best cooking apples have a sharp "sub-acid" flavour, which mellows during cooking and lends a richer texture and flavour to pies, tarts, and crumbles. Many of these varieties are also good for juicing, as they give a good acidic backbone which can then be sweetened with the addition of other varieties.

  • Apple trees
    Annie Elizabeth Apple trees

    Annie Elizabeth

    A traditional English cooking apple, with a sweet flavour, which keeps its shape when cooked.  compare
    From €25.90
    Flowering: 4partly self-fertile
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Arthur Turner Apple trees

    Arthur Turner

    A mid-season cooking apple, producing a light yellow puree. Very attractive blossom.  compare
    Flowering: 3
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Bardsey Apple trees

    Bardsey

    A hardy disease-resistant apple, discovered growing on an island off the west coast of Wales.  compare
    From €25.90
    Flowering: 2
    Pick: Early-season
    Uses: Eating | Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Blenheim Orange Apple trees

    Blenheim Orange

    Blenheim Orange is a classic English dual-purpose apple, useful for dessert and culinary purposes.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3(triploid)
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Eating | Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Bloody Ploughman Apple trees

    Bloody Ploughman

    An old Scottish apple variety, named for the crimson-red colour of its skin and stained flesh.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 4
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice | Cider
  • Apple trees
    Bountiful Apple trees

    Bountiful

    Bountiful is an easy-to-grow cooking apple, it retains its shape when cooked, fairly sweet for a cooker.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 2
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Bramley 20 Apple trees

    Bramley 20  Best seller

    Bramley 20 is a naturally smaller version of Bramley's Seedling (the apples are the same size though).  compare
    From €23.90 to €25.90
    Flowering: 3(triploid)
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice | Cider
  • Apple trees
    Bramley's Seedling Apple trees

    Bramley's Seedling  Best seller

    Bramley is the essential English cooking apple, famous for its rich sharp acidity.  compare
    From €23.90 to €24.90
    Flowering: 3(triploid)
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice | Cider
  • Apple trees
    Charles Ross Apple trees

    Charles Ross

    Charles Ross is a very attractive classic English dual-purpose apple.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Eating | Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Cox's Orange Pippin Apple trees

    Cox's Orange Pippin  Best seller

    Cox is widely acknowledged as having the best flavour of any apple variety.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3self-fertile
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Eating | Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Grenadier Apple trees

    Grenadier

    Grenadier is an early-season cooking apple, and one of the most foolproof apple varieties.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3partly self-fertile
    Pick: Early-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Howgate Wonder Apple trees

    Howgate Wonder

    Howgate Wonder is a large cooking apple which keeps well. Produces an excellent sharp juice.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3partly self-fertile
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Isaac Newton Apple trees

    Isaac Newton

    Also known as Flower of Kent, this is the variety the famous scientist sat under.  compare
    From €25.90
    Flowering: 5
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    James Grieve Apple trees

    James Grieve  Best seller

    James Grieve is the classic Scottish cooking apple. It can also be eaten fresh, and is excellent for juice.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3partly self-fertile
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Eating | Cooking | Juice | Cider
  • Apple trees
    Keswick Codlin Apple trees

    Keswick Codlin

    Keswick Codlin is a popular early-season cooking apple, easy to grow, and productive in most climates.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 2partly self-fertile
    Pick: Early-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Lane's Prince Albert Apple trees

    Lane's Prince Albert

    A classic Victorian cooking apple. Plenty of juicy acidity and stores well.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 4
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Lord Derby Apple trees

    Lord Derby

    Lord Derby is a high-quality mid/late-season traditional English cooking apple, cooks to a chunky puree.  compare
    From €0.00 to €23.90
    Flowering: 4
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Newton Wonder Apple trees

    Newton Wonder

    A traditional English cooking apple, a good alternative to Bramley.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 4partly self-fertile
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Peasgood's Nonsuch Apple trees

    Peasgood's Nonsuch

    Peasgood Nonsuch is a highly-regarded old-fashioned English cooking apple.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3partly self-fertile
    Pick: Mid-season
    Uses: Cooking | Juice 
  • Apple trees
    Reverend W. Wilks Apple trees

    Reverend W. Wilks

    A widely-grown and well-regarded English cooking apple.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 2self-fertile
    Pick: Early-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Ribston Pippin Apple trees

    Ribston Pippin

    A handsome English apple from the 18th century.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3(triploid)
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Eating | Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Scotch Bridget Apple trees

    Scotch Bridget

    A popular Scottish cooking apple, well-suited to damp wet conditions.  compare
    From €23.90
    Flowering: 3(triploid)
    Pick: Late-season
    Uses: Cooking 
  • Apple trees
    Scotch Dumpling Apple trees

    Scotch Dumpling

    Scotch Dumpling is a large Scottish cooking apple. Cooks to a frothy puree with a good flavour.  compare
    Flowering: 2
    Pick: Early-season
    Uses: Cooking